Anton Kozyrev

10 Posts
From Traditional Medicine to Digital Health: How China is Transforming Healthcare

From Traditional Medicine to Digital Health: How China is Transforming Healthcare

(image: iStock) By Anton Kozyrev In January of 2023, fresh demographic data from the People’s Republic of China caused a stir. For the first time in 60 years, China’s population had experienced a contraction, with its 2022 population falling by 850,000 from that of 2021. While the phenomenon of deaths exceeding births is a common expectation for many developed nations around the globe, China’s situation poses unique challenges. For the most part, experts suggest that this demographic change is the result of government policies, including the well-known “One Child Policy.” The government ended this policy in 2016, switching to a…
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Zimbabwe: From Hyperinflation to Hope

Zimbabwe: From Hyperinflation to Hope

By: Anton Kozyrev Zimbabwe has had a long road to its present-day state -- including from an economic standpoint. While the economic activity and history of the area dates back 100,000 years, including the emergence of kingdoms such as the Rozvi and Mthwakazi, the land that is today the Republic of Zimbabwe was integrated into the present-day economic system in the 1880s. This was, of course, when the area was colonized by European powers. After the Portuguese had tried unsuccessfully to invade, it was British mining magnate Cecil Rhodes who proved instrumental in enabling the British Empire to colonize the…
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A Perspective on the Swiss Alps

A Perspective on the Swiss Alps

By: Anton Kozyrev Dr. Brendan Cronin has seen it all. After a decades-long career in the hospitality industry that took him all over the world, including Ireland, Switzerland, Singapore, and Macau, he assumed a professorship at Endicott College in the United States. In this role, Prof. Cronin taught hospitality management and has had the unique experience of witnessing an entire industry grow and transform from various perspectives. Irish by birth, and Swiss by marriage, Dr. Cronin is now retiring and moving to Switzerland. And it is precisely in Switzerland that the hospitality industry continues to intrigue tourists and business leaders…
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The Return of Mercedes-Benz

The Return of Mercedes-Benz

By: Anton Kozyrev Throughout the 20th century, Mercedes-Benz established itself as a principal leader in the automotive industry -- excelling in various developments and innovations. It began, of course, with Carl Benz’s Patent No. 37435 for a “three-wheeled, self-propelled vehicle with a rear-mounted single-cylinder engine.” This patent from 1886 serves as a “birth certificate” of sorts of the modern-day, gas-powered automobile. Many other innovations followed suit in following years, from the honeycomb radiator in 1901 and the Antilock Braking System (ABS) in 1978. With this brand ethic and work mentality of striving for continual improvement and development, Mercedes-Benz was able…
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The Market Ramifications of Semiconductor Manufacturing Localization

The Market Ramifications of Semiconductor Manufacturing Localization

By: Anton Kozyrev For much of the 20th century, there was one crucial commodity that rose above all others to assume its position atop the global pyramid of desirable goods, so to speak. We speak, of course, of oil. That is not to say that oil only became prominent in the 20th century -- far from it. During the 19th century’s phase of rapid industrialization and almost rhythmic conflicts between economies of scale and labor unions, one thing held absolutely constant -- the importance of oil as a key driver of further economic development and industrialization. The beginning of the…
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The Advent of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and Its Implications for the Efficacy of GDP

The Advent of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and Its Implications for the Efficacy of GDP

By: Anton Kozyrev GDP -- or Gross Domestic Product -- has long been the favored means of assessing economic health by myriad groups, from economists to politicians. But it may well be time for a change. According to the St. Louis Fed’s Federal Reserve Archival System for Economic Research (FRASER), the modern concept of GDP was introduced by economist Simon Kuznets, after the United States government had commissioned him to devise a new method of calculating the health of the U.S. economy in a bid to elucidate a clear path out of the Great Depression. This was done in order…
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A Changing Global Economy Requires Investment and Support of Higher Education

A Changing Global Economy Requires Investment and Support of Higher Education

By: Anton Kozyrev It would be a gross understatement to say that education has a big impact on individuals’ lives. It is often the defining factor that shapes the trajectory of one’s life, all thanks to the immense financial and economic influences it has. The United States consistently spends more on elementary and secondary education per student than any other nation in the world -- and the U.S. has among the highest secondary school graduation rates in the world. This has undoubtedly been a major factor in the U.S.’ economic growth and development in the past decades. However, as the…
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From Anbang to Ant Group, the Delicate Balance of Innovation and Regulation in Xi’s China

From Anbang to Ant Group, the Delicate Balance of Innovation and Regulation in Xi’s China

By: Anton Kozyrev Freedom to explore drives innovation. While some may argue over the precise wording, this sentiment generally holds in a variety of circumstances. This phenomenon is seen at a variety of levels within the economy. Google, for instance, has its well-known “20% Time” policy in which it urges employees to spend 20% of their time freely working on new projects. This opportunity to explore has led to the development of numerous noteworthy products, from Gmail to AdSense. Freedom also drives innovation on a larger scale, particularly when it comes to national economic growth. Many proponents of a laissez-faire…
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Hong Kong-Singapore Travel Bubble’s Deeper Implications for the Future of the Global Economy

Hong Kong-Singapore Travel Bubble’s Deeper Implications for the Future of the Global Economy

By: Anton Kozyrev In 2003, the SARS epidemic hit Hong Kong – and it hit hard.  Hong Kong would go on to suffer 299 deaths related to the airborne illness – one-fifth of the global death total. This harrowing chapter served as the impetus for a major shift in Hong Kong officials and legislators’ mentality and approach to infectious diseases. The people of Hong Kong became more diligent when it came to illness, with a variety of measures ranging from habitually wearing surgical masks for a cold or flu to comprehensive education on how illnesses are transmitted. These efforts proved…
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